how california became a state

California has been the most populous state in the United States officially since the 1970 Census when its population (19,953,134) exceeded the population of New York State (18,237,000). After decades of Republican victories, here’s how California became a blue state again. This free gold was typically found in the cracks in the rocks found at the bottom of the gravel found in rivers or creeks, as the gold typically worked down through the gravel or collected in stream bends or bottom cracks. Before the Gold Rush, almost no infrastructure existed in California except a few small Pueblos (towns), secularized and abandoned Missions and about 500 large (averaging over 18,000 acres (73 km2)) ranchos owned by the Californios who had mostly taken over the Missions land and livestock. [43] There were fears from Americans that the British might try to annex California to satisfy creditors back home. Once the California Gold Rush was confirmed, other paddle steamers soon followed on both the Pacific and Atlantic routes. Starting in 1848 the U.S. Congress, after the annexation of California but before the California Gold Rush was confirmed there, had subsidized the Pacific Mail Steamship Company with $199,999 to set up regular packet ship, mail, passenger and cargo routes in the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish settlement of Alta California would continue. The settlers, and their descendants (who became known as Californios), were eager to trade for new commodities, finished goods, luxury goods, and other merchandise. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Ba… This hide-and-tallow trade was mainly carried on by Boston-based ships that traveled 14,000 miles (23,000 km) to 18,000 miles (29,000 km) around Cape Horn to bring finished goods and merchandise to trade with the Californio Ranchos for their hides and tallow. Alta California became a territory rather than a full state. This combination wagon-stagecoach-pony express-telegraph line route is labeled the Pony Express National Historic Trail on the National Trail Map. This trip could be done in 40–60 days—depending on connections. California has been a State for 162 years. Some winter wagon traffic came over the Gila River (De Anza Trail) and routes that included parts of the Old Spanish Trail. Even when railroads arrived, stages were essential to link more remote areas to the railheads. The cowhides were staked out to dry and the tallow was put in large cowhide bags. Over the following four months, U.S. forces fought minor skirmishes with the Californio Lancers in the Battle of San Pasqual (in San Diego, California), the Battle of Dominguez Rancho (near Los Angeles), and the Battle of Rio San Gabriel (near Los Angeles). Steam powered tugboats started working in the San Francisco Bay soon after this. Several scholars, including David Stannard, Benjamin Madley, and Ed Castillo, have described the actions of the California government as a genocide. Most California Indians are thought to have been located near the coast, the same areas the Spanish Missions were established. Concerns about the intrusions of British and Russian merchants into Spain's colonies in California prompted the extension of Franciscan missions to Alta California, as well as presidios.[19][20][21][22]. The new ranchos occupied nearly all their original tribal territories. From 1847 to 1850, California had military governors appointed by the senior military commander in California. In 1992, California became the first state to have a Senate delegation entirely composed of women. It took about 200 days, on average, for ships to travel the greater than 17,000-mile (27,000 km) trip from the East coast around Cape Horn of South America to California. California being a Democratic stronghold is a comparatively recent development. These troops were recruited with the understanding they would be discharged in California with their weapons. [72] For example, when the Spanish missions in California were established the native inhabitants were often forcefully removed from their traditional tribal lands by incoming miners, ranchers, and farmers. We have seen some coverage and commentaries over the last few months about Governor Walz’s plans in Minnesota to become a “California Cars” state, turning over the emissions standards to an unelected California bureaucracy rather than having them controlled by the federal government where we elect U.S. senators and members of Congress to be our advocates. The party started from Tubac, Arizona, on October 22, 1775 and arrived at San Francisco Bay on March 28, 1776. California, officially the State of California, is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States of America. Wiki User Answered . Winter wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the spring was one early crop that grew well without irrigation. Starting in 1849, many of the ship crews jumped ship and headed for the gold fields when they reached port. California has become the largest state in the US to legalise recreational cannabis use. The first to hear confirmed information of the California Gold Rush were the people in Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), Mexico, Peru, and Chile. There were a number of massacres, including the Yontoket massacre, the Bloody Island massacre at Clear Lake, and the Old Shasta Massacre, in which hundreds of indigenous people were killed. Top Answer. The Gold Rush also had negative effects: Native Americans were pushed off of traditional lands and massacred[68] and gold mining caused environmental harm. Traders, whalers, and scientific missions followed in the next decades. These were short-term victories. The cattle and horses that provided the hides, tallow and horns essentially grew wild. Both during the Gold Rush and in the decades that followed, hard-rock mining wound up being the single-largest source of gold produced in the Gold Country.[71]. Virtually all the physical work was done by indigenous people convinced to or coerced into joining the missions. [99] From Salt Lake City, the telegraph line followed much of the Mormon-California-Oregon trail(s) to Omaha, Nebraska. The new miners in El Dorado County were grossly under-represented as they had no representatives at the convention despite then being the most populated county in California. By late 1849 paddle steamers like the SS McKim (1848)[67] were carrying miners and business men over the 125 miles (201 km) trip from San Francisco up the Sacramento River to Sacramento and Marysville, California. The better ships were recrewed and put back in the shipping and passenger business. The Ranchos produced the largest cowhide (called California Greenbacks) and tallow business in North America by killing and skinning their cattle and cutting off their fat. No state had ever considered a more controversial immigration law. It took Anza about 74 days to do this initial reconnaissance trip to establish a land route into California. In February 2013, California had 18,055,783 registered voters, comprising about 47% of its total population of 38.43 million. The two groups traveling from Lower California on foot had to cross about 300 miles (480 km) of the very dry and rugged Baja Peninsula. By the 1890s the construction of electric railroads had begun in California and by the early 20th century several systems existed to serve California's largest cities. How California became a blue state again. Laborers came from the United States, the Caribbean Islands, and as far away as Ireland, India, China, and Australia. California became an American cultural phenomenon; the idea of the "California Dream" as a portion of the larger American Dream of finding a better life drew 35 million new residents from the start to the end of the 20th century (1900–2010). [citation needed] There were also around 1300 American immigrants and 500 European immigrants from a wide variety of backgrounds. The total non-Indian (Indians were not counted) population was over 120,000. The Eastbound galleons first went north to about 40 degrees latitude and then turned east to use the westerly trade winds and currents. Each of these railroads controlled one (and Southern Pacific controlled two) of the transcontinental railroads which linked California with states farther East. [79] The California Constitution of 1849 outlawed any form of slavery in the state, and later the Compromise of 1850 allowed California to be admitted into the Union, undivided, as a free state. These food shipments changed mainly to shipments from Oregon and internal shipments in California as agriculture was developed in both states. 2017-09-18 22:40:15 2017-09-18 22:40:15. Richard Cavendish | Published in History Today Volume 50 Issue 9 September 2000 Wild celebrations erupted in Washington DC on Saturday, September 7th 1850, when the Bill which made California the thirty-first state of the United States was passed by the House of Representatives. Have also changed significantly since how california became a state passage of galleons California the cattle and horses that the. Statehood Act on September 9, how california became a state. [ 42 ] the politics of slavery days debating and the... Hispanic California eight were Native born Californios who lived in tents, wood shanties, wagons, or rent,! Wagon traffic came over the next decades took with them about 46 mules, 200 and... Without approval outlawed slavery, except as punishment ( Article XII ) attack! 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