Scabiosa. These prolific plants bloom early and heavily, and continue on to a lesser degree if the spent flowers are cut. Thrives in well-drained soil kept evenly moist. Large blooms of a good mid blue Thanks for your patience. HZ: 3-9. They attract butterflies and are superb for cutting. perennial; size. Details. Prepare planting site in garden in full to partial sunlight with rich, well-draining soil. Grown for the attractive flowers that appear in masses from summer through to autumn, Scabiosa are an easy care garden plant for tough conditions. The wish list facility will still be open, but you will be unable to place orders. They attract butterflies and are superb for cutting. To add images for this plant login to your account or register for a new account. Scabiosa caucasica ‘House Hybrids’ • Use: Produces a continuous supply of large 3 inch pincush-ion type flowers on long wiry stems from June right up until frost. Scabiosa - House Hybrids. The common name of 'Pincushion flower’ derives from the fact that its long, needle-like pistils resemble pins sticking into a pincushion. caucasica (kaw-KAS-ee-kuh) ( Info) Cultivar: Isaac House Hybrids. friends. KEY to WHEN TO SOW: 1 EARLY SPRING: 2 LATE SPRING & EARLY SUMMER: 3 LATE SUMMER & … Cultivation. See more ideas about plants, perennials, planting flowers. Scabiosa caucasica was introduced into Britain in 1803 after seed collected from the Caucasus was sent to the Hackney nurseryman George Loddiges. MORE INFO. Skip to main content Hello, Sign in. Butterflies and Bees. Quantity-+ Add to Cart Buy 10 for $3.45 each and save 10 % Buy … One packet of about 50 seeds. House's Hybrids 30 seeds [FS-SC005] A large flowered Scabiosa mixture containing shades of lilac, blue and white, popular for flower arrangements and as cut flowers. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrid 1,000 seeds. All scabious prefer well-drained soil and a sunny position. Out of Stock Annual. Cultivation: The foliage is neat, forming a low mound of decorative leaves. Large delicate flowers of double and single form in shades of blue, violet and white. Growing On: We are very sorry but due to the huge demand we are closed at the moment, We will be open again on Saturday 23rd January between 12-2pm. You'll also receive handy monthly email reminders of what needs doing. Statice latifolia - Sea Lavender - 120 seeds. Scabiosa - House Hybrid Mix $8.75 Size Three pack Dozen pack Fifty pack A great range of colours and an eventual height of appx 18 inches. The flowers are long stemmed. May 26, 2019 - Scabiosa House's Hybrids flowers in lavender, blue, and silver-white. connect with other gardeners. Excellent cut flowers. Vase life: 8 to 10 days. In medieval times species of scabious the plants were believed to relieve the itch of scabies and other afflictions of the skin including sores caused by the Bubonic Plague. Make sure that the compost is kept slightly moist but not wet. Qty: Zoom Image. Details for Perennials Scabiosa caucasica 'Isaac House Hybrids'. To add ? description for "Perennials: Scabiosa caucasica 'Isaac House Hybrids'" Pincushion Flower is one of England's most favored flowers for cutting. Get started now. A great range of colours and an eventual height of appx 18 inches. Care. Scabiosa House’s Hybrid Mix. Deadheading encourages plants to flower on and on. Bloom begins in midsummer, continues until frost if flowers are deadheaded or cut regularly. Product Details. Item Number: 73201. Scabiosa is easy to grow, the only requirement being a well drained … Cold storage is not recommended. Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4. Sempervivum Species Mix - Appx 250 seeds. Scabiosa caucasica 'House Hybrids' mixed colours Scabiosa caucasica 'House Hybrids' mixed colours SKU: NZ$7.00. Sow 1/16 inch (1.5mm) deep. Maturity second season from transplant. Free shipping for many products! Scabiosa caucasica, the Caucasian pincushion flower, pincushion-flower or Caucasian scabious, is a species of flowering plant in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Caucasus, north eastern Turkey, and northern Iran. Buy Now Details. Scabiosa is a genus in the family Dipsacaceae, or teasel family. Scabiosa House Hybrids. Maturity second season from transplant. Generally disease free. Splendid strain in a range of shades of blue, mauve and heliotrope. It makes an excellent long lasting cut flower. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Height 60cm. Scabiosa caucasica, House's Hybrids, Large Flowered Mixed. Looks fantastic in the border and is a versatile cut flower while attracting bees and butterflies. Scabiosa caucasica, House's Hybrids, Large Flowered Mixed. Care. See more ideas about flower garden, flowers, perennials. Scabiosa caucasica House's Hybrids (Caucasian scabious House's Hybrids) will reach a height of 0.8m and a spread of 0.6m after 2-5 years. Colors include shades of lavender, light to deep blue and silver-white. {{var product.name}} was added to your basket, {{var product.name}} was removed from your basket, Early summer to early autumn (June to September). Pincushion Flower Scabiosa caucasica 'House Hybrids' Mixed flower colors ranging from lavender to pure white. Long flowering and a very good cut flower. About Lomelosia, Pincushion Flower, … Scabiosa caucasica House's hybrids. Botanical Name: Scabiosa caucasica; These perennial Scabiosas produce large flowers with delightful fluffy centres in shades of Lavender, Lilac and White. Grow on at 10°C (50°F) Use larger pots, 13 to 15cm per plant, if they are to stay in containers. Very large flowers in shades of lavender, blue and silvery white. The Caucasus is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse regions on Earth. Additional cultivar information: (aka House's Hybrids, House's Novelty Mix) Synonym: Scabiosa caucasica. Add to favourites Add To cart Notify me Scabiosa Starball pincushion-type flowers on long, wiry stems from June until frost. When to Sow: April and May Scabiosa caucasica. Scabiosa caucasica, House's Hybrids, Large Flowered Mixed. find_in_page Identify a plant. Get expert info and easy to follow monthly care reminders for the plants in your garden by signing up for a free Shoot account. Colors include shades of lavender, light to deep blue and silver-white. Avoid the formation of seedpods in order to encourage the following flowering. NZ$7.00. 3a-8b; Growing Conditions. WE ARE AIMING TO DESPATCH SEED PKTS IN 5 WORKING DAYS (Monday to Friday). Scabiosa caucasica, the Caucasian pincushion flower, pincushion-flower or Caucasian scabious, is a species of flowering plant in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Caucasus, north eastern Turkey, and northern Iran. Scabiosa > Houses Hybrids; Houses Hybrids . To add notes for this plant login to your account or register for a new account. To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe. Scabiosa caucasica was introduced into Britain in 1803 after seed collected from the Caucasus area was sent to the Hackney nurseryman George Loddiges. In spring fertilise moderately. Search Search . Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrid 250 seeds. Great for cut flowers, borders or massed in beds. Unavailable per item This is a good, cost effective way to get long lasting summer colour into your garden. House Plans & Builders ... Resembling a pincushion full of pins, each Scabiosa flower has stamens that protrude well beyond the curved surface of the flower head. The main range is generally perceived to be the dividing line between Asia and Europe. Price: £ 0.97 inc VAT (£ 0.81 exc VAT) Sorry this item is out of stock but is available to order, normally stock is re-filled on a weekly basis. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrid 250 seeds; Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrid 250 seeds S1840. Related products . Their delicate presence is valued for the contribution they make in the garden as well as the vase. Sun exposure, USDA hardiness zones, soil conditions, planting time, lifespan, blooming attributes and more. But many scabious (and related genera) set seed prolifically if left. Quick View. Sun Exposure. to your plant lists. Variety. House's Hybrids 30 seeds. The first scabious ever introduced was the small-flowered S. atropurpurea in 1591. The genus name ‘Scabiosa’ derives from the word scabies, which comes from the Latin word scabere meaning 'to scratch'. Scabiosa caucasica House's hybrids. Amazon.com : 20+ SCABIOSA House Hybrid Flower Seeds/Deer Resistant/Perennial / Fragrant! Seeds can be collected in autumn, dried and sown the following spring without losing viability. Scabiosa caucasia- Scabiosa House Hybrids Gorgeous Scabiosa which produces large blooms in differing shades of white and purple. House's Hybrids scabiosa produces a continuous supply of large, 3 in. of soil is … Scabious. A large flowered Scabiosa mixture containing shades of lilac, blue and white, popular for flower [...] Price £2.95. Plant type. Scabiosa caucasica House's Hybrids (Caucasian scabious House's Hybrids) will reach a height of 0.8m and a spread Avoid direct sunlight by shading seeds after sowing. Nomenclature: 'Isaac' growing with achillea and pineapple mint here. Resistant to cucumber mosaic virus. Scabiosa Caucasica Houses Hybrids. Out of Stock ELIGIBLE FOR BONUS SELECTION. Details for Perennials Scabiosa caucasica 'Isaac House Hybrids'. Blooms from July to August. Botanical Name Scabiosa caucasica 'Isaac House Hybrids' Form Perennial; Hardiness Zone 3-8; Flowering Time Mid spring to fall. House's Hybrids 30 seeds. Scabiosa House Hybrids. Scabiosa House Hybrids - 35 seeds. … Product Code : CI-GTSK-O000. Great for cut flowers, borders or massed in beds. They attract butterflies and are superb for cutting. Perfect for container gardens. Enter your details below and click 'Subscribe' and you'll have a free Shoot account. description for "Perennials: Scabiosa caucasica 'Isaac House Hybrids'" Pincushion Flower is one of England's most favored flowers for cutting. 4(-30°) Bloom Time. Specially developed mixture of shades from white to blue. Cut flower stems can be harvested when the flower first shows colour. Scabiosa House Hybrids - 35 seeds. January to March for flowering from June, or April to August for flowering the following year. Lomelosia, Pincushion Flower, Scabiosa 'Isaac House Hybrids' (Lomelosia caucasica) by bmuller Oct 13, 2007 8:10 PM. In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant … to your lists, login to your account or subscribe. A great range of colours and an eventual height of appx 18 inches. Be the first to review this product . Code: S1838 $13.75. Scabiosa. H: 18"-24" W: 18"-24" zones. Stand the pots in water to moisten then drain. Grow in moderately fertile, well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil in full sun. They dislike cold, wet winters. Young plants flower most freely so divide and replant each spring but only once the plant has begun to grow again. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower Arranging, Borders and Beds. Long lasting cut flower. A summer flowering variety that is ideal for borders. USDA Hardiness Zone. These silver-washed beauties shine in July, through to September, when sunny yellows and oranges usually dominate. This perennial form of Scabiosa are very easy to grow and are hardy to below -18°C (0°F). Sun exposure, USDA hardiness zones, soil conditions, planting time, lifespan, blooming attributes and more. your own Pins on Pinterest this mix of sempervivum will provide a good mix of alpine varieties that are ideal as rockery plants. • Exposure/Soil: Full/part sun; Water regularly, when top 3 in. Scabiosa caucasica Perfecta Alba 250 seeds. Thrives in well-drained soil kept evenly moist. Scabiosa - House Hybrids. Pack size: 35 Seeds 3ft (90cm) When the writer was a lad, he lived next door to a Nursery that grew nothing else but this Scabious for the cut flower market – acres and acres of nothing but the things and all of them the one, single blue form. Product Information. Likes to be well watered. Garden & Outdoor. Germinates in 2 to 3 weeks at 18 to 21°C (65 to 70°F). Attracts butterflies. Scabiosa - House Hybrids. Well-drained. gardens. Aug 4, 2017 - Explore Sue Dyer's board "Scabiosa" on Pinterest. Does best in slightly alkaline soils. The Isaac House's Hybrids Pincushion Flower Mixture; The Isaac House's Hybrids Pincushion Flower Mixture. Feb 24, 2013 - Scabiosa Caucasica Isaac House Hybrid Perennial Seeds Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrids is a specially developed mix of single white, lavender & blue flowers. To become a Shoot member visit the main Shoot website. £0.99. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrids is a specially developed mix of single white, lavender & blue flowers. Quick View. Code: S1840 $9.85. Height 60cm. The long-lasting pincushion-shaped flowers are an essential element in flower arrangements. Pincushion-shaped buds, borne on erect stems, open to pale blue or lavender flower heads, 8 cm (3 in) … Plant Uses: If the planting area is not sheltered, stake to keep the stems upright. Merlot Red 50 seeds. One member has or … We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant. Previous Next. Perfect for container gardens. Prick out seedlings when large enough to handle into 9-10cm (4in) pots after 4 weeks. Create your free SHOOT garden and make a record of the plants in your garden. Grows 2-3 feet tall. $3.85. In the 17 century Nicholas Culpepper prescribed its root as an ointment for the cure of wounds, swollen throats, snake-bite and the plague. They attract butterflies and are superb for cutting. The 'Isaac House Hybrids', occasionally known as 'House's Hybrids' were developed for cutting and are well stemmed with large flat flower heads. account. A large flowered Scabiosa mixture containing shades of lilac, blue and white, popular for flower [...] Price £2.95. They never fail to bloom throughout the whole summer, and last well into autumn, they are also very attractive to bees and butterflies. Youtube video. Add your own photos, notes, get monthly email reminders on how to care for your plants, and It makes an excellent long lasting cut flower. Reviews ; Growing Tips; Shades of blue, lavender and white. House's Hybrid Mix. Protect from wet, winter conditions. When to sow: April and May Where to sow: Outdoors where they are required to flower in shallow drills in rows 30cm (12") … $9.85. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrids (SCA40) Scabiosa caucasica. Divide every 2-3 years to maintain vigour. Long flowering and a very good cut flower. catalog #8430. Long flowering and a very good cut flower. Sow seeds in a cold frame as soon as ripe or in spring. Flower Form Outer ring of decorative petals surround a tufted central cushion. Scabiosa is a genus of approximately 80 species of annuals, biennials, and perennials from meadows and rocky slopes, most from the Mediterranean … Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Wildflower, Wildlife. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Scabiosa - House Hybrids - 25 Seeds at the best online prices at eBay! Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders. pincushion flower, mourning bride scabiosa atropurpurea. Grow in moderately fertile, well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil in full sun. Showing the blue phase. What to do Next: Thin out seedlings when large enough to handle to 15-30cm (6-12") apart. The “Pincushion” can be direct-sown outdoors in warm areas or started indoors 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting out after all threat of frost has passed. Scientific Name: Lomelosia caucasica House's hybrids Uses: borders, containers, rock gardens Sun Prefers well drained moist soil Height: 15" - 18" tall Plant 15" apart Growability: easy Description Parrans stock a … Sow January to March for flowering from June onwards, or April to August for flowering the following year. Product: Price (exc VAT) Quantity: 2 1/2g: £4.80: SOLD OUT: 5g: £8.95: SOLD OUT: 10g: £16.80: SOLD OUT: 15g: £24.25: SOLD OUT: 25g: £38.40: SOLD OUT: 50g: £73.15: SOLD OUT: Description; Technical Info; Shipping! Login Login * * To become a Shoot … Protect from wet, winter conditions. Light Requirements Full Sun, Partial Shade; Flower Color Mixture of White, lavender and Blue. Height 60cm. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrids,Shades of blue, lavender and white. Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions. Annual varieties: Sow direct into open ground … Note: We are working to update our ratings. 3ft (90cm) When the writer was a lad, he lived next door to a Nursery that grew nothing else but this Scabious for the cut flower market – acres and acres of nothing but the things and all of them the one, single blue form. All rights reserved. … The 'Isaac House Hybrids', occasionally known as 'House's Hybrids' were developed for cutting and are well stemmed with large flat flower heads. These prolific plants bloom early and heavily, and continue on to a lesser degree if the spent flowers are cut. Scabiosa caucasica Perfecta Clear Blue 250 seeds. You have no items in your shopping basket. The large flowers of the Caucasian scabious have been a cut-flower staple for 150 years or more. The beauty is well worth it. He was a son of Togarmah, grandson of Biblical Noah's third son Japheth. The word Caucasus itself derives from Caucas, the purported ancestor of the North Caucasians. A hardy perennial forming clumps of narrow green leaves and then lots of large pincushion flowers with fluffy petals in shades of lilac, lavender and white. Don't fertilize after mid September. Find help & information on Scabiosa caucasica House's hybrids from the RHS Note: Plants will be randomly selected and may be either white, lavender or … Jun 7, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Jonna Law. Buy House's Hybrids scabiosa seeds. Scabiosa caucasica ‘House Hybrids’ • Use: Produces a continuous supply of large 3 inch pincush-ion type flowers on long wiry stems from June right up until frost. The frilly flowers are 3-5cm large and have a pincushion like centre hence its common name 'the pincushion flower'. Fast growing so … May … Create your free Also known as the ‘Pin cushion Flower’ give them a little space in the garden and they will reward you with a long flowering, easy care plant. Reviews ; Growing Tips; Shades of blue, lavender and white. Flowers are up to 2" in diameter. 4(-30°) Bloom Time. Produces a continuous supply of large 3 inch pincushion type flowers on long wiry stems from June right up until frost. : Garden & Outdoor Also Known As. They attract butterflies and are superb for cutting. Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Wildflower, Wildlife. Hardy Annual. NZ $3.95. Produces a continuous supply of large 3 inch pincushion type flowers on long wiry stems from June right up until frost. Code: S1840V $37.40. Summer- Early … Scabiosa 'Houses Hybrids'. 18" Description. May be evergreen in warmer areas and die back in winter in colder climates. Exposure. Email to a friend. We are so sorry for any inconvenience. 60cm. Genus. MORE INFO. The frilly flowers are 3-5cm large and have a pincushion like centre hence its common name ‘the pincushion flower’. of 0.6m after 2-5 years. Annual varieties: Sow direct into open ground … Clip spent blooms to encourage reblooming and to keep plant neat. Discover (and save!) Growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall and broad, it is a clump-forming perennial with divided leaves. Grows 2-3 feet tall. plants. 60cm. Email * Password * Forgot/reset password. Suggested uses. Crescem de 70 cm a 1 m de altura. Acclimatise young plants to outdoor conditions before planting out. Pack 100 … Plants grow 2-3 ft. tall, are winter hardy to zone 3. Scientific Name: Lomelosia caucasica House's hybrids. Tidy plants are valued for mass bedding effects or mixed peren-nial borders. Height; 45-60cm (18-24in) Why not add more packs of Plug plants, Bulbs, Tubers & seeds from our range to save with … But if you snip the dying flower stem back to the lowest buds, halfway down, two slightly shorter-stemmed flowers will spring from the bud axils. Cover seed lightly with vermiculite after sowing as they need light for germination. USDA Hardiness Zone. Amazon.com : 25 Seeds of Scabiosa caucasica, House's Hybrids Scabiosa : Garden & Outdoor. Create a free SHOOT account and get instant access to expert care advice for this and other regular; Soil … Flowers are in shades of lavender, light to deep blue and silver-white. Sowing: Previous Next. Native to the Mediterranean region of Europe. Pricing; Join free; Sign in; Login Login. Grows 2-3 feet tall. A top dressing of grit in October will aid surface drainage. Splendid strain in a range of shades of blue, mauve and heliotrope. The ''Isaac House Hybrids' are named after their creator, market gardener James House, who ran a successful nursery near Bristol Occasionally known as 'House's Hybrids' they were developed for cutting and are well stemmed with large flat flower heads. 12-18" Spread. ×. Great prices on your favourite Gardening brands, and free delivery on eligible orders. A summer flowering variety that is ideal for borders. S. caucasica has long stems that initially produce one large flower. DESCRIPTION; CUSTOMER REVIEWS; Description A pretty mix of … Tidy plants are valued for mass bedding effects or mixed peren-nial borders. Scabiosa Caucasica / Scabiosa Caucasica Houses Hybrids. Height; 45-60cm (18-24in) . Scabiosa 'Isaac House Hybrid' Pincushion Flower; Sweet Scabious; Notify me Notify me when this item is available on Plant Lust. This is my favorite scabiosa, even though it's a little stubborn in my climate zone. Pack 100 Seeds; Qty ; £ 2.05; Add to ; Scabiosa atropurpurea Black Knight; 73202; Deepest maroon, almost black blooms with contrasting white stigmas. They also developed their own seed strain, usually known as House's hybrids, ... Buy six Scabiosa caucasica 'Clive Greaves' for £8.95 or 12 for £17.90 and get a further six free. Scabiosa. 60cm. Hardy perennial . In stock. The frilly flowers are 3-5cm large and have a pincushion like centre hence its common name 'the pincushion flower'. Product: Price (exc VAT) Quantity: 2 1/2g: £4.80: SOLD OUT: 5g: £8.95: SOLD OUT: 10g: £16.80: SOLD OUT: 15g: £24.25: SOLD OUT: 25g: £38.40: SOLD OUT: 50g: £73.15: SOLD OUT: Description; Technical Info; Shipping! Market gardener James House, who ran a successful nursery near Bristol continued the development with a number of their own seed strains. Scabiosa House Hybrids - 35 seeds. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrids is a specially developed mix of single white, lavender & blue flowers. Description. Height. Beautiful Lavender blue flowers … Height; 45-60cm (18-24in) Why not add more packs of Plug plants, Bulbs, Tubers & seeds from our range to save with … Origin: Contained in galleries The large flowers of the Caucasian scabious have been a cut-flower staple for 150 years or more. ©2004-2021 Shoot Limited. Flowers June to September. These perennial Scabiosas produce large flowers with delightful fluffy centres in shades of Lavender, Lilac and White. Full Sun. Place in a warm place to maintain an optimum temperature of around 18 to 21°C (65 to 70°F) The species name caucasica refers to the plants origin in the Caucasus mountains of Europe. Flowers June to September. Scabiosa. Scabiosa House Hybrids. Good in mixed or mass plantings. -Swallowtail Here-s How to Buy Now. Try Prime Cart. General Sowing Information for the Species Type: Half Hardy Perennial Temperature: 20°C Cover: Average layer … It makes an excellent long lasting cut flower. Summer- Early Fall. £0.97. Annual. Scabiosa. Elegant Annual Scabiosa in a unique colour, a … Refer a Friend. Code: S2744 $10.95. A summer flowering variety that is ideal for borders. Scabiosa caucasica Perfecta Alba 1,000 seeds. Fill trays or pots with good, well draining seed compost (John Innes or similar). Space the plants 30 to 60cm (12 to 24in) apart. plants in your garden. Scabiosa L. é um gênero botânico pertencente a família das Dipsacaceae.. São plantas herbáceas, floríferas e perenes.Os membros deste gênero são nativos da Europa,Ásia e África.Devido a beleza de suas flores, muitos cultivares foram desenvolvidos como plantas ornamentais para jardins. Long lasting cut flower. Scabiosa columbaria Pincushion Flower. Place the container in a propagator or seal in a polythene bag after sowing to keep the moisture constant. Put the stems in warm water immediately. Add to Cart £2.95. Not usually browsed by deer. Product Code : CI-GTSK-O000. Over the year harvest 20 stems per plant. They also developed their own seed strain, usually known as House's hybrids, ... Buy six Scabiosa caucasica 'Clive Greaves' for £8.95 or 12 for £17.90 and get a further six free. details; find it; special request; details. … SKU: KG-73204-A Categories: Flowers, Q-T, Seeds Tag: flower seeds . Scabiosa House Hybrids Botanical Name: Scabiosa caucasica NZ $3.95. Pollinator Friendly. Mar 19, 2020 - Explore Danielle Poisson's board "Fleurs - Scabiosa" on Pinterest. Code: S1838V $49.50. Cut the stems just as the flowers are opening. However they also hate hot, humid weather and do best in temperate conditions. sun; Water Needs. Scabiosa is a genus of approximately 80 species of annuals, biennials, and perennials from meadows and rocky slopes, most from the Mediterranean with simple or finely-divided leaves and domed flower heads. Quick View. Scabiosa caucasica Isaac House Hybrids (SCA40) Scabiosa caucasica. Blooms attract butterflies, are superb cut flowers.