For other uses, see, His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, https://www.kullabs.com/classes/subjects/units/lessons/notes/note-detail/1971, "Nepal's King Gives Way to Multiparty Democracy", "The Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah - Childhood Picture", "Birendra, 55, Ruler of Nepal's Hindu Kingdom", "Coronation in 1975, Jean Pierre Laffont, 89 images", "NEPAL / ROYAL: Coronation of King Birendra 24 May 1975", "King Birendra of Nepal A ruler much loved by his people, he bowed to popular will and surrendered absolute power", "Nepal's royal killer is named King as his parents are cremated", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "Nepal: Is India behind the Nepalese Royal Family massacre? Birendra completed eight years teaching with his sister Gyanendra at St Joseph’s School, a Jesuit college in Darjeeling. His school teachers have defined Birendra as a very kind and compassionate prince from a very teenage era. But on the date we listed above it is considered as a black day for Nepal, we miss him at present but he is not with us. Birendra registered in the United Kingdom at Eton College in 1959. He was Nepal’s first monarch who wished his countrymen to have real democracy knowledge where there would be a panchayat scheme that would benefit everyone. Birendra spent eight years studying at St Joseph's School, a Jesuit school in Darjeeling, with his brother Gyanendra. Thus Gyanendra became emperor afterwards. He received the Jesuist school’s original education, ‘ St. in Darjeeling, India, Joseph College. He was the eldest son of King Mahendra and is believed to be the best king among all the monarchs who have ruled the country. [3] He is credited for introducing SAARC in Asia in order to strengthen the foreign relations of Nepal with the other South Asian countries. Born on – 29 December 1944 Death on – 1 June 2001. The new constitution would make Birendra head of state of a constitutional monarchy with a system of multiparty democracy. During his young days, he also learned to pilot helicopters before becoming Nepal’s monarch. Almost all of the Royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah (Former King and younger brother of King Birendra). Through her mom, Dipendra’s potential bride originated from a rival Nepali Rana clan sub-branch (the branch of Juddha Shamsher) to Queen Aishwarya. With his father's ascension Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. He decided Krishna Prasad Bhattarai to lead this, who for several years had been jailed. The unimaginably gruesome massacre of the royal family that fateful Friday evening is seen as the beginning of a downward spiral of bad days for Nepal that does not seem to end. HIS MAJESTY KING BIRENDRA BIR BIKRAM SHAH DEV OF NEPAL, who has been killed aged 55, was the world's only Hindu king and was considered by his followers to be an incarnation of the god Vishnu. [9] King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya had three children: Birendra succeeded to the Nepalese throne on 31 January 1972, at the age of 27, after the death of his father King Mahendra. King Birendra Quotes. Reports from the eyewitness and an authorized inquiry (taken out by a two-man commission composed of Supreme Court Chief Justice Keshav Prasad Upadhaya and House Speaker Taranath Ranabhat) revealed that Dipendra was the gunman. Three days after the massacre, he killed in clinic without recovering awareness. King Birendra was defined as one of the few rulers in Nepal who wished the individuals of Nepal to experience true democracy. The restrictions placed on political organizations began to alleviate during the 1980s, and liberal student-led organizations began to request legislative reform in Nepal. On the auspicious occasion of his coronation, the King announced that he had ordered his government to make primary education available and free for every child, but disappointed those Nepalis who hoped that he would promise progress towards democracy.[13][14][15][16]. Biography of King Birendra. It has been two decades, but 1st June has been seared into the collective painful memory of all Nepalis. On his ascension he was effectively an absolute monarch, as he inherited a country where political parties were banned and he ruled through a system of local and regional councils known as panchayats. In 2036 B.S. In 1980, he was named British Field Marshal. His previous home master at Eton, Peter Lawrence, three other teachers and 15 ancient children included private visitors from the King. Born on 7 July 1947, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the last King of Nepal, from 2001 to 2008. Birendra had two brothers, Dhirendra Shah and Gyanendra Shah. Born on – 29 December 1944 Death on – 1 June 2001. To pave the path for voting, King Birendra named an provisional regime. Nepal then accepted King Birendra as a constitutional monarch. To head this he chose Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, who he had imprisoned for several years. He was indeed an absolute monarch on his accession, as he possessed a nation where political parties were prohibited and governed by a scheme of local and regional councils recognized as panchayats. Royal group photo. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, (born December 28, 1945, Kathmandu, Nepal—died June 1, 2001, Kathmandu), king of Nepal from 1972 to 2001, 10th in the line of monarchs in the Shah Dev family.. King of Nepal who was shot to death by his son, Crown Prince Dipendra, in a massacre that nearly wiped out the entire royal family. Because of the rioting, King Birendra lifted the ban on political parties and agreed to become a constitutional monarch in April 1990. Further Reading. King Birendra was born on Dec. 28, 1945, and acceded to the throne in January 1972, after the death of King Mahendra. After King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev suicide in 1972, King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal to succeed. Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah- Prthivi Bir Bikram Shah became king after the death of his father “Trilokya … Nepal's stability was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aiswarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001. The King announced on the auspicious date of his coronation that he had instructed his state to create every child’s primary education accessible and safe, but surprised those Nepalese who expected he would ensure advancement towards democracy. King Birendra Faily. Cause of Death: Assassination King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. [1] After People's Movement I that resulted in few hundred deaths, he was forced to establish a constitutional monarchy in Nepal.[2]. Birendra was married to Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi from the Rana family, his second cousin, on 27 February 1970. The referendum was held in May 1980 with the non-party system winning by a margin of 55% to 45%. On September 10, 1990, the committee provided him with the suggested constitution proposal. Birendra's grandfather, King … Madsen states that the main reason for the murder was King Birendra’s refusal to allow outside intervention in the civil war, which began in Nepal in 1996 (Madsen). The Nepalese royal massacre occurred on 1 June 2001, at a house on the grounds of the Narayanhity Royal Palace, the residence of the Nepalese monarchy. He was the one who proposed the creation of SAARC composed of Asian nations that would increase all member states ‘ relationships and growth. It will soon be open to the public, and has preserved the rooms exactly like it was when the entire royal family was killed in a massacre in 2001. hen Narayanhiti Palace was opened to the public in […] The dead included King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. Indeed, this is doubtful. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. Soon after dawn on that day, King Birendra was driven to the temple of his ancestral palace, the Hanuman Dhoka ("Gate of Hanuman"). He was King Mahendra’s oldest child and is thought to be the finest emperor among all the country’s ruling rulers. Other ideas claim that Dipendra was dissatisfied with the country’s change from an ideal to a constitutional monarchy, and that after the People’s Movement of 1990 too much authority had been handed back. [10] His first trips abroad as king were to India in October 1973 and China two months later [11] as he believed that Nepal, sandwiched between the two Asian powers, should have good relations with both.[12]. [4] He later completed his education by spending some time at the University of Tokyo, before studying political theory at Harvard University from 1967 to 1968. The stability of Nepal was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001. The son of King Mahendra, whom he succeeded in 1972, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. King Birendra designed this three-storey cottage named Shree Sadan for his family when he was Crown Prince. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. Janmat Sangraha (Referendum of 1980) when he wished the individuals to choose between’ Multiparty Democracy’ or’ Reformed Panchayat System.’ But the pro-democracy rulers and scholars all asserted the referendum was manipulated. In a discussion on BBC radio, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai spoke of King Birendra's impeccable personal manners and courtesy and his equally impeccable role as a constitutional monarch.[18][19]. King Birendra designed this three-storey cottage named Shree Sadan for his family when he was Crown Prince. Lifestyle and Travel Blog in English, Hindi and Nepali. Narayanhiti Palace where the palace massacre in Nepal took place. He ruled Nepal till 2058 BS. The vote was conducted in May 1980, with a majority of 55% to 45% for the non-party scheme. Nine members of the royal family were killed in a mass shooting during a party or monthly reunion dinner of the royal family in the house. He appointed an independent Constitution Recommendation Commission to represent the main opposition factions and to prepare a new constitution to accommodate their demands for political reform. [22][23][24][25], H.M. Svasti Sri Giriraja Bahadur Shah Bahadur Shamsher Jang Devanam Sada Samara Vijayinam, King of Nepal, Royal Victorian Chain (23 February 1975), Album of Late king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev by Narayan Prasad Shiwakoti: Published on 1995 AD – Election, "Birendra" redirects here. He researched political history at Harvard University, USA from 1967 to 1968 for a while at the University of Tokyo, Japan in 1967. Dipendra died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Birendra of Nepal was born on December 29, 1944 in Narayanhity Palace, Nepalese, is 11th King of Nepal. Restrictions on political parties also began to relax as more and more student-led organizations demanding a shift in the form of state began to arise from April 1990. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, who was shot to death on Friday in a massacre of Nepal's royal family, was a proud but isolated monarch whose reign … He decided Krishna Prasad Bhattarai to lead this, who for several years had been jailed. King Birendra and the rest of the Nepalese Royal Family were slain in a bloodbath June 7, 2001 by crown prince Dipendra in a drunken frenzy. Dipendra was declared emperor but killed a few days ago as a result of the massacre’s self-inflicted bullet injuries. He ruled Nepal till 2058 BS. The King's personal guests included his former housemaster at Eton, Peter Lawrence, three other masters and 15 old boys. However, the leaders advocating for the democracy and historians all have claimed that the referendum was rigged. King Birendra : A Short Life History of Birendra Bir Bikram Shah. He was the eldest son of King Mahendra and is believed to be the best king among all the monarchs who have ruled the country. Madsen states that the main reason for the murder was King Birendra’s refusal to allow outside intervention in the civil war, which began in Nepal in 1996 (Madsen). During the opening of his coronation event, King Birendra announced the Nepal Zone of Peace proposal. At college, when his grandpa King Tribhuvan passed on March 13, 1955, he became the ‘ Crown Prince of Nepal. In his adolescence, Birendra liked touring and traveled to Canada, Latin America, Africa, many areas of India, and many other Asian nations. King Gyanendra. Because of the increasing campaign for democracy, Birendra announced that a referendum would be conducted to decide between a non-party regime and a multi-party system. Eyewitness reports and an official investigation (carri… It is said that the mom of the potential bride, herself a Nepali by birth, told her child that joining the crown prince of Nepal could imply a fall in her living standards. After studying at Eton until 1964, he returned to Nepal where he began to explore the country by travelling on foot to the remote parts of the country where he lived on whatever was available in the villages and monasteries. Dipendra was proclaimed king but died a few days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds sustained in the massacre. In 1989, as a situation for safeguarding the Panchayat system, when the People’s Movement I was gaining momentum, India placed forward some circumstances for King Birendra to take possession of national sovereignty. Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal with the advancement of his father. Dipendra's body was cremated after his funeral. He walked all by himself to exploring the nation, visiting the towns and monasteries. In consideration of the impurity and exile to be endured, he was given a suitcases of clothes, a bed, TV, radio and cash reportedly in the amount of us $17,000 a fortune in Nepal. Then, with Queen Aishwarya beside him, he was cleansed with butter, milk, yogurt and honey as priests chanted praises and salutations. However, the quarrels between different political parties and countless social issues resulted to the Nepalese Civil War, a war that spanned from 1996 to 2006 between Maoist rebels and public powers. He was compelled to create a parliamentary government in Nepal after People’s Movement I which led in thousands of fatalities. In 2036 B.S. King Birendra appointed an interim government to pave the way for elections. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. Gyanendra, in full Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, (born July 7, 1947, Kathmandu, Nepal), last monarch (2001–08) of Nepal, who ascended to the throne after the assassination of King Birendra (reigned 1972–2001) and the subsequent suicide of Crown Prince Dipendra, who had committed the murder. HIS MAJESTY KING BIRENDRA BIR BIKRAM SHAH DEV OF NEPAL, who has been killed aged 55, was the world's only Hindu king and was considered by … He entered the UK’s Eton College in 1959. Birendra's brother, Gyanendra, then became King. In the massacre, nearly all representatives of the Royal Family were murdered except for Gyanendra Shah, the older son of Birendra. King Birendra (Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva) Age: 55. Detailed inquiry is unnecessary as Gyanendra’s state destroyed the “Tribhuvan Sadan” (the structure where the massacre took place), making Gyanendra the most hated ruler. Birendra of Nepal was born on December 29, 1944 in Narayanhity Palace, Nepalese, is 11th King of Nepal. 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